Yalova

Yalova

Yalova

 
Yalova is a city located in northwestern Turkey, near the eastern coast of the Sea of Marmara. Yalova has a city population of 100.863, while the population of the Yalova Province is 118.998. as of 2011. The mayor is Yakup Koçal.Yakup Koçal 2014 local elections narrowly won the one vote, but the appeal was president Salman Vefa five vote.
In general, it is assumed that the name "Yalova" comes from "Yalıova" "Yalı" which means "plain at the coast while "ova" means plain in Turkish.
The first settlement in the region dates back to the Prehistoric Period, in around 3000 BC. The Hittites ruled the region in the 21st century BC, followed by the Phrygians in the 13th century BC. The region was conquered by the Romans in 74 BC.
 
 
In Antiquity and for most of the Middle Ages, the town was known as Pylae or Pylai (Greek: Πύλαι), which is Greek for "gates", as it was at the start of one of the main routes leading into Asia for whomever crossed the Sea of Marmara from Europe.
 
In the Byzantine period the town remained of some importance due to its geographic location, and emperors frequently used it as a disembarkation point from Constantinople. Thus Emperor Heraclius landed here in 622, at the beginning of his counter-offensive against the Persians, and Romanos IV Diogenes did the same in 1071, on his way to the Battle of Manzikert. In the 9th century, the town was also the site of one of the beacons that transmitted news from the frontier with the Abbasid Caliphate, and included an imperial hostel for travellers. In the late 10th century, however, Leo of Synada described Pylae as little more than a village, where cattle, horses, pigs and other animals were gathered to be shipped to Constantinople.
 
The town and the surrounding district were raided by the Seljuk Turks after Manzikert, but soon recovered. In 1147, Greek refugees from Phrygia were settled there. In 1199 charter of privileges to Venetian merchants, it is attested along with neighbouring Pythia Therma as a separate fiscal district (episkepsis), and was a separate province by the time of the Fourth Crusade (1204). Following the fall of Constantinople to the Crusaders, Pylae formed part of the Empire of Nicaea, and served as the main port for Nicaea itself. Pylae remained in Byzantine hands until ca. 1302, when Turkish attacks grew in intensity, forcing much of the population to abandon it and seek refuge in the Princes' Islands.
 
 
Shortly after, Yalova was incorporated into the territory of the Ottoman Empire.
 
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk occasionally lived in Yalova in his final years. In one of his speeches he famously said: "Yalova is my city.
 
Termal is a town and district of Yalova Province in the Marmara region of Turkey. It is renowned with its hot springs. Yalova Thermal (Turkish: Termal) Baths are located in Yalova, Turkey about 80 km. away from Istanbul. The huge complex, lying on a land of about 1,6 mill. square metres, is located 12 km. away from Yalova. There are 4 hotels, one of which is an apart, in the complex. There are 5 baths in the complex which also possess historical value.